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The Glenville Democrat
Glenville, West Virginia
May 7, 1976     The Glenville Democrat
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May 7, 1976

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i i ! t i , A-8 The Glenville Democrat/Pathfinder May 6, 1976 Despite founding Fathers, more to vote The Founding Fathers would be astonished to learn that 150,041,000 Americans will be eligible to vote in the Presidential election this November. At the Nation's beginning that wasn't the idea at all - giving the vote to every man. Let alone to women, blacks, and citizens only 18 years old. The way they saw it when George Washington was President, a man had to "'have a stake in society" to have a say in choosing the new nation's leaders. He had to own property or prove he paid taxes, the National Geographic Society says. An he had to be "free, white, and 21". Nobody gave a second thought about letting women vote. The brand new Constitution said nothing about *oting rights, only that it was up to the States to decide. Ideal Electors Now, five amendments to the Constitution later, election day in the United States finally measures up to the way Alexander Hamilton and James Madison theorized things should I I ROBERT W. MINIGH Democrat for Magistrate Gilmer County be. writing in the Federalist Papers in the early 1800's. "'Who are the electors of the federal representatives?" they asked. "Not the rich, more than the poor; not the learned, more than the ignorant; not the haughty heirs of distinguished names, more than the humble sons of obscure and unpropitious fortune. The electors are to be the great body of the people of the United States." At that time, the only people with voting rights, the property owners and taxpayers, were 50 to 75 percent of the adult male population, according to records. Some, like the Federalist Gazette of Annapolis, felt there was cause for alarm: "The truth is," said the paper on August 9. 1800. "the people of Maryland have become too saucy and are really beginning to fancy themselves equal to their superiors." "Coonskin Congressmen" After a Presidential reception, Martha Washington blamed greasy handprints on the wallpaper on uninvited "filthy democrats." As more got the vote, citified Americans joked over enfranchising "bipeds of the forest" and slurred the new "coonskin Congressmen" at the Capitol. By the Civil War, universal male suffrage was the law, except for slaves. Even the boys in blue could vote, unlike at least one group of Yankees during the Revolution who were told they couldn't vote because they "had no wilI of their own." The/ i, ll i 17 HEARING TEST SET FOR GLENVILLE W. VIRGINIA muskets persuaded the election judges otherwise. Despite the Emancipation Procla- mation, blacks were not enfranchised until the 15th Amendment was ratified in 1870. Then five years later Tennessee enacted the first Jim Crow law separating blacks and whites in public places, and in 1890 poll taxes and literacy tests were enacted to disfranchise thousands of blacks. The 24th Amendment finally banned the poll tax in 1964. Women got the vote in 1869 - in the Wyoming Territory. Elsewhere the suffragettes, as they were soon calling themselves, began their long battle for enfranchisement. They faced such arguments as, "If women were allowed to vote, they would crowd all men out of office and men would be obliged to stay home and take care of the children." In 1910 a suffragette was "one who has ceased to be a lady and has not yet become a gentleman." In 1920 women won the vote with the 19th Amendment - and a comment: "The greatest thing that came out of the war {World War I} was the emancipation of women, for which no man fought." The 23rd Amendment enfran- chised citizens of the District of Columbia in 1961, and, 10 years later, the 26th Amendment lowered the voting age to 18. 10 Million More Today people of American territories or the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico cannot yet vote in Presidential elections. The eligible electorate in Novem- ber - 150.041,000 - is nearly 10 million more than the voting age population at the time of the 1972 Presidential election, according to the Census Bureau. At first Presidential elections were held on different days from one state to the next. But in 1845 Congress decided on the first Tuesday after the first Monday in November for Presidential election day, and that is when it has been ever since. Voting machines now register 47 percent of the nation's choices in cities where most Americans live, paper ballots the rest. But it was late in the 1800's before growth. I Elkins native Named works E|A executive assistance Willard {Bill} Phillips, Jr.. of blocking Elkins, West Virginia, has been named EDA's Acting Deputy Assistant Secretary for ]une 30, Economic Development in the U.S. Department of Commerce, April 26, Phillips was named to his new post State by Wilmer D. Mizell, Assistant and in Secretary of Commerce for Economic Virginia Development, and head of the harmon. Economic Development Administra- tion. In In his new position, Phillips will serve as top deputy to Mizell in the direction of the Economic Development Virginia Administration. Engineers, EDA works with local communities Society 0i in planning and carrying out projects tents. to help create permanent jobs through Send long-range industrial and commercial newels MOOD MOBILE H Rt. 33-119 -- 4 miles A Complete Selection of Quality I 12-wides 14-wides and modular on dis Each home fully displayed shopping convenience OPEN FRIDAY TIL 8:00 Phone 269-1510 Member of W.Va. Vote For John M. Mq Democrat House of Dq secret paper ballots finally replaced " " " Electronic hearing test will be the earlier custom of a voter going to Glenwlle State C011ege Graduate in H:st0ry liven at the Conrad Hotel in the polls and calling out hisvote ins "flltlP I el IM" _300 Hours GlenviUe each third Wednesday of loud voice for all to here - and jeer or &  -'0verm=n,..FF: 0x, m.te, theMr.mOnthKemperfrOm 2H;rl, p m tOcer.tiiied4 p m by fact, in 1829 one Founding Hearm8 Aid AudioioBist of 0bsetvmg Hmcml CHtt Procedure. PAUD Font UlV uzonl||l' NUNn=N a...;,.Ww:t,o ` scoundrels" ' " .... ' " " - BRAXTON CO. CITIZEN OF THE lmllllminmlmmiiillimliii/iill i Remember that the deadline for I NAVE THE DESIRE o.w, . .......,,.,., flY Glenvflle Demoerat/PatMinder =n= =dr= I, ] DN0000DT ''DflD''  Is Monday at 5 p.m. On Holiday THE TIME TO REPRES ! It U M L It / M U U I U A I weeks the deadline may be even Braxton-Calhoun-Clay-G, earlier. Have your news and 23rd Delegate Distri( i I advertising in early to avoid Political advert,sement paid for by JOIql I I disappointment. I I I I ' ' BUILDING? BUYIN(00 I I I I I I I I - _ I I -  -- I I I I  " I I ' : I I i Non-Partisan Candidate for i I BOARD OF EDUCATION [ =_Te ] I was born and raised in Gilmer County. I am a concerned parent. | Yo u r EI ec t r l c N e e d s ! I am self-employed for the last 5 years, i I I am in favor of the last comprehensive i Early As Poss=ble- ! school plan. ! I will, if elected, do to the best of my ability .I what is best for all the school children in ! Your new electric service connec, necessary materials, sched tion may take several weeks advance request with the many otl U .,.=.. ...  II notice if it involves the addition of a now ceive, plus actually doing the I Lillmer County. , I pole, transformer or other changes in So if you plan to build a ne' our distribution system, buy a new mobile home, pl " ] Due to my present work schedule, I may not  . our nearest office as soon P we need this time for engineering, This will help us to provide ! I get to talk to everyone that I'd like to; I .cur, n. right of way, obtaining the vice when you want it. but, I am willing to discuss my position in relation to the school system at any ] n MononRahela Power , time. .. ,,, m , Eli& Part 0f the Allegheny Power System L ........... ......:_.",.'..,'..,-.".,.. !