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July 2, 2015     The Glenville Democrat
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The Glenville Pathfinder-Glenville, WV 26351 The Glenville Democrat - Thursday, July 2, 2015 - Page 15 5 YT 00 Barbecue and Food Safety For All Your Cookouts! Fireworks are synony- young children suffer inju- mous with our celebration ries from sparklers. Spar- of Independence Day. Yet, klers burn at temperatures the thrill of fireworks can of about 2,000 degrees - hot also bring pain. 240 people enough to melt some met- on average go the emergency als. room every day with fire- Never place any part of works-related injuries in the your body directly over a month around the July 4th fireworks device when light- holiday, ing the fuse. Back up to a Remember, fireworks can safe distance immediately be dangerous, causing seri- after lighting fireworks. ous burn and eye injuries. Never try to re-light or Youcanhelpuspreventfire- pick up fireworks that have works-related injuries and not ignited fully. deaths. How? By working Never point or throw fire- with a national, state or lo- works at another person. cal organization where you Keep a bucket of water or live to promote fireworks a garden hose handy in case safety in your community, of fire or other mishap. Follow these safety tips Light fireworks one at a when usingfireworks: time, then move back Never allow young chil- quickly. dren to play with or ignite Never carry fireworks in fireworks, a pocket or shoot them off in Avoid buying fireworks metal or glass containers. that are packaged in brown After fireworks complete paper because this is often a their burning, douse the sign that the fireworks were spent device with plenty of made for professional dis- water from a bucket or hose plays and that they could before discarding it to pre- pose a danger to consumers, vent a trash fire. Always have an adult su- Make sure fireworks are pervise fireworks activities, legal in your area before Parents don't re'alize that buying or using them. ? Cooking outdoors was cooler with sufficient ice or Ground meats: 160 F once only a summer activity ice packs to keep the food at Beef, pork, lamb, and veal shared with family and 40 F or below. Pack food (steaks, roasts and chops): friends. Now more than half right from the refrigerator 145 F and allow to rest at of Americans say they are into the cooler immediately least3 minutes. cooking outdoors year before leaving home. Cook Thoroughly round. So whether the snow Keep Cold Food Cold Cook food to a safe mini- is blowing or the sun is shin- Keep meat and poultry re- mum internal temperature to ing brightly, it's important frigerated until ready to use. destroy harmful bacteria. to follow food safety guide- Only take out the meat and Meat and poultry cooked on lines to prevent harmful bac- poultry that willimmediately a grill often browns very fast teria from multiplying and be placed on the grill. causing foodborne illness. When using acooler, keep Use these simple guidelines it out of the direct sun by Keep cooked meats hot by setting them to the side of the grill rack, not directly over the coals where they could overcook. At home, the cooked meat can be kept hot in an oven set at approxi- mately 200 F, in a chafing dish or slow cooker, or on a warming tray. Serving the Food on the outside. Use a food When taking food off the thermometer to be:sure the grilli a clean platter. foodhasreached safeminir:. p'ut cooked food on for grilling food safely, placing it in the shade or mumintgmaltem erat !: the same::platter that held Thaw Safely shelter. Avoid opening the MEATS : ..... raw meat poultry. Any Completely thaw meat and lid too often, which lets cold .... Cook all raw p rki : I bacteria present in poultry before grilling so it air out and warmairin. PaCk lamb andfeal ste ki: hopsi raw meat juices could cooks more evenly. Use the beverages in onegooler and and roaststo a mum in-contaminate safely cooked refrigerator for slow, safe perishables in a separate ternaltemperatureoft45 foodi: thawing orthaw sealed pack= cooler, asmeasuredwithaf0 dther-in hot Wea er above 90 ages in cold water. For Keep Everything Clean momet t before re bvlng shb ld never sit quicker thawing, you can Be surethere are plenty of meat from the hrat ource. : rut for mor thanl hour. microwave defrost if the clean utensils and platters. For safety and quality; M!b eftove s : food willbe placed immedi- To prevent foodborne ill: : meat to est for at!e st R igerate leftovers ately on the grill. ..... ness, don tuse eSameplat: minutes before eaxTdfi or pr0mpfly:mgh owcontain- Marinating ter and utensils for raw and consu ng,i For re gons 6f Disc d any food left A marinade is a savory, cooked meat and poultry, personfl preferenceiL ::q t orei 2 hours (1 acidic sauce in which a food Harmfulbacteriapresentin ............... sumersmaych0o t0 o0k fir i te p :atures are is soaked to enrich its flavor raw meat and poul and meattohighertem tur sl aboveg0Fj Simple-Steps Save Lives .Learn to perform CPR some of the marinade is to imageParents and families, on children and adults, and be used as a sauce on the can build on their current update those skills regularly cooked food, reserve a por- safety systems at pools and .Understand the basics of tion of the marinade before spas by adopting additional life-saving so that you can putting raw meat and poul- water safety steps. Adding assist in a pool emergency try iri it. However, if the as many proven water safety .Install a four-foot ormarinade used on raw meat steps as possible is the best taller fence around the pool or poultry is to be reused, way to assure a safe and fun and spa and use self-closing make sure to let it come to a experience, because you can and self-latching gates; ask boil first to destroy any harm- neverknowwhichonemight your neighbors to do the ful bacteria. save a child's life--until it same at their pools. Transporting does. -Install and use a lock- When carrying food to an- Never leave a child unat- able safety cover on your other location, keep it cold tendedin apool or spaand spa. to minimize bacterial always watch your child -Ifyourhouseservesasa growth. Use an insulated when he or she is in or near fourth side of a fence around water a pool, install door alarms Teachchildrenbasicwa- and always use them. For ter safety tips additionalprotection, install Keep chiFdren a~vayftorff--window guards on windows pool drains, pipes and other facing pools or spas. openings to avoid entrap- .Install pool and gate ments alarms to alert you when Have a telephone close children go near the water by when you or your family .Ensure any pool and spa is using a pool or spa you use has compliant drain Ifachildismissing, look covers, and ask your pool for him or her in the pool or service provider if you do spa first not know Share safetyinstructions -Maintain pool and spa with family, friends and covers in good working or- neighbors der Learn how to swim and oConsiderusing a surface teach your child how to swim wave or underwater alarm "You have to love a nation that celebrates its independence every July 4, not with a parade of guns, tanks, and soldiers who file by the White House in a show of strength and muscle, but with family picnics where kids throw Frisbees, the potato salad gets iffy, and the flies die from happiness. You may think you have overeaten, but it is patriotism." ~Erma Bombeck "Those who deny freedom to others deserve it not for themselves. ~Abraham Lincoln "We hold these truths to be self-evident: that all men are created equal; that they are endowed by their Creator with certain un- alienable rights; that among these are life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness." Thomas Jefferson "For to be free is not merely to cast off one's chains, but to live in a way that respects and enhances the freedom of others." Nelson Mandela or to tenderize it. Marinate their juices can contaminate GROUND MEA S ................. food in the refrigerator, not safely cooked food. Cookallraw ground beef,Pit gOasfifig is cooking on the counter. Poultry and Ifyou reeatingawayfrom pork, lambi veal large, level hole cubed meat or stew meat can ...... home, find out if there s a internal t mperfiture of earth. A hard- be marinated up to 2 days. source of clean water. If not, as meas ed with a food o0dftre is built in the pit, Beef, veal, pork, and lamb bring water for preparation ermometer. : req ng wood equal to roasts, chops, and steaks may and cleaning. Or paekclean POULTRY .... about2 i/2 times the vol- be marinated up to 5 days. If cloths, and moist towelettes Cook all poultry to'safe the pit. The hard- minimum internal ra- wood is !owed to burn un- for cleaning surfaces and hands, ture of 165 F as m~ured til the wo~teduces and the Precooking .... with a food thermometer, pit is half filled with burning Precooking food partially NEVER partially grill coals. This can require 4 to 6 in the microwave, oven, or meat or poultry and finish hours burning time. stove is a good way of re- cooking later. Cooking may require 10 ducing grilling time. Just Reheating to 12 hours or more and is make sure that the food goes When reheating fully difficult to estimate. A food immediately on the pre- cooked meats like hot dogs, thermometer must be used heated grill to complete grill to165 F or until steam- to determine the meat's cooking. S A F E ing hot. safety and doneness. There MINIMUM INTERNAL Keep Hot Food Hot are many variables such as TEMPERATURES After cooking meat and outdoor temperature, the size Whole poultry: 165 F poultry on the grill, keep it and thickness of the meat, Poultry breasts: 165 Fhot until served--at 140 F and how fast the coals are Ground poultry: 165 F or warmer, cooking. on this day in 1776, the Continental Congress ap- proved the Declaration of Independence, setting the 13 colonies on the road to free- dom as a sovereign nation. As always, this most Ameri- can of holidays will be marked with red, white and blue flags, fireworks, pa- rades and backyard barbe- cues across the country. 2.5 million: In July 1776, the estimated number of people living in the newly independent nation. The Signers: 56 Numbers of signers to the Declaration of Indepen- dence. Benjamin Franklin, John Adams, Thomas Jefferson, Roger Sherman and Robert R. Livingston comprised the Committee of Five that drafted the Declaration. Jefferson, regarded as the strongest and most eloquent writer, wrote most of the document. It's also worth noting that: John Hancock, President of the Second Continental Congress, was the first signer. This merchant by trade did so in an entirely blank space making it the largest and most famous sig- nature -- hence the term John Hancock, which is still used today as a synonym for signature. There are 7.4 mil- lion businesses with paid employees in the U.S., of those establishments 1 mil- lion are in the retail trade industry. Benjamin Franklin (age 70), who represented Penn- sylvania, was the oldest of the signers. Franklin County, Pa., had an estimated popu- lation of 152,085 as of July 1, 2013. Edward Rutledge (age 26), of South Carolina, was the youngest. Two future presidents signed, John Adams (sec- ond President) and Thomas Jefferson (third President). Both died on the 50th anni- versary of signing the Dec- laration (July 4, 1826). There are 12 counties nationwide named Adams and 26 named Day Fun Facts: Did You of independence but was re- U.S. Flags: $4.0 million called by his state before he In 2013, the dollar value could sign it. Livingston ofU.S.importsofAmerican County, N.Y., was home to flags. The vast majority of an estimated 64,705 people this amount ($3.9 million) as of July 1, 2013. was for U.S. flags made in Representing Georgia in China. 1776 were Button Gwinnett, $781,222 Lyman Hall and George Dollar valueofU.S, flags Walton. Gwinnett County, exported in 2013. The Do- Ga. (859,304), Hall County, minican Republic was the Ga. (187,745) and Walton leading customer, purchas- County, Ga. (85,754) were ing $160,000 worth. named for these signers. This Land Is Your Land Charles Carroll, who rep- Fifty-nine places contain resented Maryland, was the the word "liberty" in the last surviving signer of the name. Pennsylvania, with Declaration. He died in 1832 11, has more of these places at the age of 95. Carroll than any other state. Of the County, Md., namedforhim, 59 places, four are counties: had an estimated population Liberty County, Ga. ofl67,564asofJulyl,2013. (64,135), Liberty County, Roger Sherman, who Fla. (8,349), Liberty County, worked as a land surveyor Mont. (2,369) and Liberty and lawyer, represented County, Texas (76,907). Connecticut. Nationally in One place has "patriot" 2012, there were an esti- in its name: Patriot, Ind., mated 29,976 surveyors, car- has.an estimated population tographers, and photogram- of 205. metrists employed full time, The most common patri- year-round, and 841,077 otic-sounding word used lawyers employed full time, within place names is year-round nationwide. "union" with 136. Pennsyl- Nelson County, Va. vania, with 33, has more of (14,789) andWythe County, these places than any other Va. (29,344) were named for state. Other such words most two of the six signers who commonly used in place represented the state of Vir- names are Washington ginia-- Thomas Nelson Jr. (127), Franklin (118) and and George Wythe. Lincoln (95). And the Rocket's Red The British are Com- Glare: $203.6 million ing!: $100 billion The value of fireworks im- Dollar value of trade in ported from China in 2013, 2013 between the United representing the bulk of all States and the United King- U.S. fireworks imported dom, making the British, our ($213.8 million). U.S. ex- adversary in 1776, our sev- hogs and pigs as Of March 1, 2014. Chances are that the pork hot dogs and sausages consumed on-the Fourth of July originated in Iowa. The Hawkeye State was home to an estimated 19.8 million hogs and pigs. North Caro- lina (estimated at 8.0 mil- lion) and Minnesota (esti- mated at 7.8 million) were also homes to large numbers of pigs. 220,521 The number of paid em- ployees (for the pay period including March 12) who worked in a poultry-process- ing establishment in the U.S. in 2012. There were 517 such establishments -- Califor- nia (45) had the most. Geor- gia has the most establish- ments with greater than 1,000 employees (13), fol- lowed by Arkansas (11) and North Carolina (8). 6.1 billion pounds Total estimated produc- tion of cattle and calves in Texas in 2013. There is a good chance that the beef hot dogs, steaks and burgers on your backyard grill came from the Lone Star State, which accounted for nearly one-sixth of the nation's to- tal production. And if the beef did not come from Texas, it very well may have come from Nebraska (esti- mated at 5.1 billion pounds) or Kansas (estimated at 3.7 billion pounds). Measuring America As we celebrate this Inde- pendence Day, we reflect on how America' s Founders en- shrined the importance of statistics in our Constitution as a vital tool for measuring our people, places and economy. Since 1790, the U.S. Census has been much more than a simple head count; it has charted the growth and composition of our nation. The questions have evolved over time to address our changing needs. Today, the 10-year census, the economic census and the American Community Sur- vey give Congress and com- munity leaders the informa- Jefferson. ports of fireworks, by com- enth-leading trading partner tion they need to make in- Robert Livingston, whoparison, came to just $10.2 today, formed decisions that shape represented New York, was million in 2013, with Israel Fourth of July Cook- our democracy. These sta- on the Committee of Five purchasing more than any outs: 62.9 million tistics arehowweknowhow that drafted the Declaration othercountry($2.7million). Totalestimatednumberof our country is doing. ron all of theGlen lleDetnocrat/Pathfinffer, be safe and have a Happy Fourth of July!!