Newspaper Archive of
The Glenville Democrat
Glenville, West Virginia
September 16, 1976     The Glenville Democrat
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September 16, 1976

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pains part of Almanacs a part of state history growth have about population think about with to the Agriculture trend in this areas. century except 'Years, the count- than the (nonmetro as large More rural !to stay in their moving to the of the past and more city areas. most rural the new a sign of vitality and is pride. increased upgraded Workers, and It can provide and private desired USDA, rapid strain corn- where local hard time It can on land cause social I rapid influx community. with Service experiencing need to be t of population They need to m population change Just as of a will be eWtain kinds of through an retirement iCare services me poverty aged, the of the, some of these increase the in most areas, young make up a population. these people for new increased sewer, and services. group are in years, the in the to rise. This demand for recreation OUtcome of is social that this more values are quite native rural predict that will face enforcement. says are not been a also are long of these have pay. OR YOUr a to8 qual- 111 II I%1 II Firefighting is another community service that faces increased demand as population grows. Small rural communities growing through new business development find that a new factory or shopping center can mean an immediate increase in potential demand for local firefighting services. Changes in the use and value of land are another potential outcome of rural population growth. The demand for new homes can elevate property values, enticing owners to sell prime agricultural land for residential use. Also, rising land values can lead to reassessment for tax purposes. This can mean that small farmers and persons with fixed incomes may be unable to raise the money to keep up with taxes. They may be forced to sell their property as a result. Brown notes that this process increases the value of a community's real estate but at a higher human price. Plan for growth Rural leaders who are trying to encourage new development "u their area are cautioned by USDA that lack of proper planning for growth can result in undesirable and expensive forms of community development. The Department's Rural Development Service {RDS} can identify available technical and financial planning assistance for which rural com- munities are eligible to help them plan orderly development. In addition, RDS can provide preapplication counseling to community leaders who intend to apply for specific planning resources. As the Washington agency responsible for coordinating federal rural development efforts, RDS also can identify federal resources for which communities at'e eligible as they contemplate specific development projects. These include housing, water and sewer, outdoor recreation, health care, and other projects to help the community encourage growth by improving the existing social and economic base. {For RDS assistance, write to Rural Development Service, U.S. Department of Agriculture, Washington, D.C. 20250.} RDS stresses, however, that no federal assistance covers the hard decisionmaking that is involved when a community starts to think about growth. Decisions about whether the community really wants growth and the degree and type of growth to pursue-as well as to live with for years to come-are local people's respon- sibili. ..... The chemical that gives the skunk its odor is called ethanethiol, so pungent that less than one ten-trillionth of an ounce can be detected by the human nose. Victor Laughlin II ConsuhingForester t Timber Inventory, J tI Appraisal and Sales t Forest Analysis and tt Management t Industrial and Private II Box 8-A II I I WE LEND AT LOW COST QUICKLY IN CONFIDENCE for automobile purchase for home improvements  for personal purposes for emergencies for a thousand-and'one good reasons. WE SUPPLY THE LOAN Konowho Union Bank Glenville West Virginia The Almanac was an indispensa- ble part of life for early West Virginians. It contained a calendar. told what the weather was going to be, listed the phases of the moon, told when the high courts would sit, told how far apart important cities were, and was full of vital information for farmers and housewives. There was also enough humor to keep it from being dull reading. With the exception of the Bible, the Almanac was the most important, and perhaps the only, volume in the library of the typical early setter. It has been noted that Daniel Boone, who once represented Kanawha County in the Virginia Legislature, owned but four books, and an Almanac was one of them. During the 19th century many Almanacs were given away as promotional devices by patent medicine companies. One such was "Barker's Almanac," which contained much verbiage extroUing the curative properties of Dr. Barker's Nerve and Bone Oil. This book was a favorite with young people because of its puzzle pictures, in which the figures of animals, birds, men and women were concealed. They afforded numerous hours of entertainment. It also contained the usual picture of the signs of the zodiac encircling the figure of a man, showing his vital organs and the relationship between the organs and the signs: as well as the lore which one would expect a good Almanac to contain. Other Almanacs favored by West Virginians were Gruber's "Hagers- Town Town and Country Almanac"; Hostsetter's "Illustrated United States Almanac"; Irl R. Hicks Almanac"; Bristol's Free Almanac" (said to be the first published by a patent medicine company}; and the "Old Farmer's Almanac," which is still published.- Many Almanacs were published in Wheeling, and it is believed that the first of these was the "Farmers' Almanac for the Year of Our Lord, 1820," prepared by a Philadelphia printer, for Sheldon Potter end Company's bookstore. In 1822 William Davis and James F. McCarty moved their printing business from Philadel- phia to Wheeling and there began anew, printing "Davis and McCarty's Agricultural Almanac for the Year of 1823" and "Davis and McCarty's Magazine Almanac for the Year of 1823, No. 1," among many other publications. The magazine almanac was an art form in and of itself. It was probably originated in Pittsburgh in 1804 by Zodok Cramer, who gave his a magazine flavor as a means of meeting competition. In addition to the usual Almanac fare, Zadok included historial literary and other miscella- neous material; a policy followed by subsequent publishers of this type of book. September 16, 1976 Davis and McCarty probably discontinued their Magazine Almanac after one issue, but their regular Almanac was published until 1827, under Davis's name after 1826, as the partnership had been dissolved. The following year Davis moved to Ohio, where he published the "Ohio Magazine Almanac" for several years. Davis's successor was John Fisher, who also published an Almanac, as well as the western edition of Noah Webster's "Elemen- tary Spelling Book." His Almanac was called "Fisher's Farmers and Me- chanics Almanac." and was first issued in 1834. It lasted ten years, although after 1840 the Fishers were not associated with it, and the publishing was done by the firm of Robb and Stephenson. Many of the Wheeling Almanacs had mathematical calculations for the signs and the phases of the moon prepared by John Armstrong. Little is known of him, except what is included Meyers Home Decorating Center 234 Main Ave.-Weston, W.Va. Carpet No-Wax Vinyl Flooring Wall Coverings Paint Kirsch Drapery Rods Custom Draperies and Bed Spreads Natural Slate Flooring I ProfessionaI-Carpet-Claeaning 1 Large Selection of Floor Coverings Now in Stock Reasonable Prices Expert Installation Meyers Home Decorating Center Phone 269-1238 I The Glenvme Democrat/ PatMder 11 on title pages. Early Almanacs describe him as a "teacher of mathematics," and note that he was "of Pittsburgh." In later editions he was said to be a "Professor of Mathematics in Franklin College, Ohio," He may also have lived in Wheeling for a time. He prepared Almanacs calculations for various publications in Pittsburgh and Ohio as well as Wheeling. 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