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The Glenville Democrat
Glenville, West Virginia
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September 26, 1975     The Glenville Democrat
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September 26, 1975
 

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10 TheGlenville Democrat/PathfinderSeptember 25. 1975 ents popular in prehistoric New Mexico c NATIONAL GEOGRAPHIC SOCIETY Mystery shrouds Case Rinconada, a vast 11th-century ceremonial room that spans 64 feat of New Mexico's Chaco Canyon floor. Resembling a giant keyhole, it defies attempts to discover the Anasazi Indian rites that once took place inside. Public works projects, apart- rooms; its outer wall rose as high as il !t canyon and the mesa tops. Lived in Round Houses. "'Home to these sturdy planters was usually a round house of poles and mud over a sunken floor of earth." writes David F. Robinson in the National Georgraphic Society's book. "The New America's Wonderlands" He points out. "Basketry was the main craft." Gradually. the newcomers began to build with stone, and to ioin one dwelling to another in apartment houses called pueblos from the Spanish word for village. Architecture became more mas- sive: ceremonial rooms called kivas grew from small hideaways to great round chambers of stone. Sprawling pueblos like Bonito soon dotted the canyon, each pulsing with life and always expanding. Chaco Canyon's early architects seem to have developed their own local style. But evidence of a Mexican influence crept into later features like colonnades, round towers, and the distinctive technique of building a wall like a vertical sandwich, with a core of rubble between two layers of cut stone. Lured by the promise of these elaborate growing centers, folk from the outlands moved in. By the mid-12th century some 7,000 Indians peopled merits, urban sprawl appeared in five stories, the area. perhaps the greatest North American long before the first The first Indians probably arrived concentration in the prehistoric Europeans arrived, in the region about 7,000 years ago, but Southwest. Pueblo Bonito, an apartment they didn't settle until the Christian Found Roads, C_4mal complex in New Mexico's Chaco era. Six or seven centuries later, new Aided by a National Geographic Canyon National Monument, once waves moved in; dim traces of their grant, Dr. Thomas R. Lyons of the National Park Service and his colleagues have traced ancient flood-control canals and mapped some 200 miles of roads inthe region. The roads were only foot paths. since Chacoans had neither wheeled vehicles nor horses, yet some stretched 20. 30. even 40 feet wide. "A good guess," says Dr. Lyons. "is that these were make-work projects to keep farmers busy during times of plenty. The Egyptians built pyramids, maybe the Chacoans built boule- vards." Some of the boulevards may have linked pueblos to other bustling WINTER IS ON THE WAY Shop James Dept. Store For A Good Selection Insulated Shoes Thermal Underwear Artics Insulated Jackets The Price Is Right "ON THE $OU.41lE" centers up to 60 miles away. forming an Indian "interstate sytem" a thousand years ago. No one knows why the Indians suddenly left the area. But the great pueblos echoed hollowly as room after room fell empty. By the end of the t 3th century the canyon and its stone wonders were deserted. Drought, eroision, soil exhaustion, feud, disease-any might have quenched the flame of the civilization that once burned there so brightly. IIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIII IF YOUR CHRD IS NOT ENROLLED IN SC L BECAUSE HE HAS DIFFICULTY IN FREE SCHOO G MUST NOW BE AVAILABLE FOR EVERY CHILD FROM 5 TO 23 YEARS OF AGE WHO CAN BENEFIT FROM IT. NEAREST SCHOOL OR YOUR COUNTY BOARD OF EDUCATION. @ Daniel B. Taylor State Superintendent of Schools West Virginia Department of Education Testing results for elementary school students in Gilmer County show that area youngsters performed above national and state averages in several grade levels, according to Robert H. Hardman. assistant superintendent. In addition, the 1975 Stanford Achievement Test results for grades 1-8 show a general improvement over last year. At the 4th grade level, nationally. the average 4th grade student achieved a 4.9 grade score. In 1974 testing." the average 4th grader in Gilmer County achieved a grade score of 5.2. In 1975, the score improved to 5.5. In addition, improvements were also registered at the 1st. 4th and 5th grade levels with 2nd and 6th grade being equal to last year's scores. In grades 1-5. Gilmer County achievement grades were higher than the national average. Grades 6-8 are iust below the national average. Only two grades registered lower test scores for 1975 over last year. The 3rd and 7th grade results were only .1 below the 1975 test results. Hardman said, in reviewing other school year test results, he found the t975 test results showing improvement over scores for the past six years. In many counties, Hardman admitted, elementary school students do not meet the national averages. Grade 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 1975 2.2 3.1 4.1 5.5 1974 1.8 3.1 4.2 5.2 Nationalt.9 2,9 3.9 4.9 6.1 6.6 7,5 8.8 5.8 6,6 7.6 ~7 5.9 6.9 7.9 8.9 get flu shots Mabel Wolfe of 203 Brooklyn Dr. was one of 90 persons to receive flu shots from Nurse Practitioner Carolyn Arnold at the Gllmer County Senior Citizens Canter r~ntly. Waiting his turn is Bud Moore [with hat] while Sammy Rseee keeps COunt. Straight Answers From Your-Power Company This is one In a series of replies to questions being asked by our custo- mer& Answering today is John Helm, Director, Personnel for Monongahela. Why doesn't Monongahela read meters and send out electric bills every month? Answer: We've been reading meters and sending out electric bills every two months since 1951. Even back then, we saw the need to con- stantly look for ways to reduce expenses, and we took this action as a means of obtain- ing about a 50 percent reduction in the cost of reading meters, postage, paper and the other billing costs we had. These savings, plus many others, helped reduce the cost of electricity to our customers during the many years of inflation until about 1970, when our costs began to climb so rapidly that we could no longer keep up. The costs of bi-monthly,meter reading and billing are still only about half those of a monthly schedule, so with greatly increased costs, the savings are even more today. If you have problems fitting a bi-monthly electric bill into your budget, we would be glad to credit your account for any amount you wish to pay during your "non-billing'" month. Your next bill will then be reduced by the amount you have paid. Monongahela Power Part 0f the Alleghe y Power System I475 Another breed has been American form of an This new opportunity heifers in show sires by artificisl Obi tives build the quality ' shows and semen from them in When H.H. Dickenson. vice president livestock to today to direct future and thoss course in the Hereford Hereford industry AHA' Hereford immense value of t Program as a took foundation for and with that in AHA m the of this project." The AlIA program to alloW to five semen program will not normal annual certificates and he purchase over that quota program. The AlIA effective commencement season. Complete by contacting: American Hereford 64105. mm bwsfl Gilmer among the according to the W tion {WVEA). A bachelor's degree while the {Marshall} pays performing the holding a similar WVEA's Division. Five Pocahontas, the least, $6,95 guaranteed supplements county level bY Calhoun County. ment in Marshall: the beg za The based on number annual below West days taught according to A $Z,500 awarded in Poetry, a Poems of subject are grand prize According Joseph Mello poetic talent m our contest available bY Poetry, 801 Francisco Contest I Storm white Storm white Awnings, FREE