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The Glenville Democrat
Glenville, West Virginia
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October 31, 1975     The Glenville Democrat
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October 31, 1975
 

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0 The Glenville Democrat/Pathfinder October 30. 1975 MAIN STREET Office Phones 364-8365 and 364-5547 i~i~H~i~i~i~~i~H~H~"~i~u~i-~ ~~"M~H~mu~~i"~i~mMM~m~~j~~H~~"~u~m -[left Of The Will Take Your Land On the night of April 18, 1975, the most skilled engraver in the American colonies. Paul Revere, joined in the midnight ride 1o Lexington to shout the warning, "'The British are coming." A key assignment was to rout out of bed at a Lexington inn two of his associates E E A L T O R | in the group of patriots who made | plans in the Boston Gazette office. Evenings Phone = Samuel Adams. dubbed the "Grand Incendiary of the Province" by 765-2401 and 364-8801 | Governor Thomas Hutchinson. would Or Farm In Trade! ~1~~iii~"~"i~i~I~i~m~"~i~i~u~Km~I~"~~u~~ui~iii~mI 5 acre mini-farm, good house, barn, outbuildings. Located at Flatwoods. Excellent buy at $19,500.00 I I I I 110 Chestnut Street, Gassaway, WV: 3 bedroom house, convenient too. Everything CHEAP, H,900.00. home, 3 nice lots, stove, refrigerator, 129 Chestnut Street, Gassaway, WV washer, dryer, big metal storage ~ffi The Best Location: 3 bedroom house, 3 lots all fiat, air conditioner, gas heat. Special low price. CHEMICAL TOWN: Really nice, completely remodeled home, 3 bedroom. M = have been arrested by the British troops, along with his companion that night. John Hancock. who within a month was to become to president of the Second Continental Congress and eventual bold signer of the Declaration of Independence. One of the witnesses to the ill-fated April 19 British attacks at Lexington and Concord was the 26-year-old editor-vublisher of the Massachusetts Spy, Isaiah Thomas. He had printed his last issue in Boston April 6. hauled his press out of the city by wagon at night west to the safety of Worcester. aroused militia to go to battle, and finally returned to Worcester to publish the Spy again May 3 with his uncompromising hymn of hate in the opening paragraph: "'AMERICANS! forever bear in mind the BATTLE of LEXINGTON! - where British troops, unmolested and unprovoked, wantonly, and in a most inhuman manner fired upon and killed a number of our countrymen, then robbed them of their provisions,, ransacked, plundered and burned their houses nor could the fears of defenceless women, some of whom were in the pains of childbirth, the cries of helpless babes, nor the prayers of old age, confined to beds of sickness, appease their thirst for blood! - or divert them from their DESIGN of MURDER and ROBBERY!" What was happening? The 37 colonial weeklies which were publish- ing April 19. 1775,-had the culminating story in a long. diffuse series to tell. The years of argument, of persuasive writing by Sam Adams, John Dickinson. and Isaiah Thomas, now were at climax, Bloodhad been spilled. The Continental Congress soon would name George Washington commander of the militia encircling Boston; blood would flow again at Bunker Hill: Ethan Allan would seize Ticonderoga and haul its cannon to Boston so Washington could use them tO drive the British from the city in March 1776. Tom Paine would write his best-seller pamphlet. "Common Sense." The Boston Gazette would bring its press back from Watertown, and would be ready to print the Declaration of Independence emerging from the efforts of Benjamin Franklin, John Adams. Richard Henry Lee. and the pen of Thomas Jefferson. At this crucial turning point in a nation's history, like so many other crucial turning points, people acted because they got the news. and sensed they were becoming a part of history. They got the news because workman- like printers, gifted writers, political- ly-sensitive editor-publishers, and their patriotic associates were BUG RIDGE: Beautiful 2 bedroom home. BEAUTIFUL 3 bedroom home, 2 lots, beautiful expanded living room. Warm and com- fortable. $ ,000.00. BLUEFIELD: Right out of Gassaway, 10 acres, mini farm. Nice house, $18,500.00. MINI FARM, Stone Run: 5 acres, $19,500.00. ~IIilIIIililIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIlllIIIIIIIIIIIlUllUlIIIIiliiilIilIIIIimmlHIX~ _= == Needed Desperately i | i Farm & Land Listings i [ | CASH BUYERS | i WAITING! 1 gi~m~uui~u~~m~f~ Hunters' Specials Elk. 2 room camp, CentraHa. Cheap! New, beautiful vacation home, near Cen- tralla. Fireplace. 100 Acres- 2 Homes, Barns 17 Acres - Route 19 i 38 Acres -Old House 100 Acres- Timber ~,, IIII I I II I 150 Acres - Real Farm ............................. II II IIIIII I IH I II II 202 Acres - Nice I I IIIIII I II 14 Acres- Cheap .................. II]lU I 60 Acres- Ridge Top 195 Acres With House Acres - Free Gas 69 Acres- Two Houses 83 Acres. Polemic Area 64 Acres- Homestead Farm 14 Acres- Hunting Camp, Close To Lake I II I II ........... 2 IIIII1! I I L III, O Stop Or Call For Complete List Edwin Emery of Editer and With natural gas still in short supply, we all have to save wherever we can. Many of us have gaslights that are used {or decoration onh. And though it seems like a small" thing. turning them off will help us precious energy. Naturalh' this doesn't apply to lights used f ;r safety or securitY'. But if vou have gaslights used for dec'oralion'alorle, won't yoU please turn then] off? Your k :al gas company officeA will tell you how. 9 determined to use every scrap el information, every incident, every opportunity to advance their cause. tell their story, argue their case. Were one to pick 10 individuals who "made it all happen" he might list the following group, then return to name another 10 who also heavily contributed to the impact of the Colonial Press upon the Revolution. First, thumbnail sketches of 10 of the leading printers, editors, and writers of the pre-Revolutionary press: Benjamin Harris - One must start with the man who published the first newspaper in the colonies, Publick Occurrences. in Boston in 1690. A talented editor, he made an abortive effort to print without prior restraint. tell the truth, and criticize the authorities - and was stopped from printing his second issue. But he set the tone for those who were to follow. James Franklin - Half-brother of the more famous Ben, rebellious against the religious-political leadership of Boston, he founded the New England Courant (1721-26) as the second controversial paper in the city. Other Boston papers had checked with authorities before printing; James Franklin defied them. He brought life to American journalism by cultivating literary style, entertaining readers as well as informin them. Benjamin Franklin - The colonial genius who first of all was a great master printer, then an effective writer, successful newspaper publi- sher. expert engraver. "'father" of advertising cepywriting, colonial post- master-generaL book and magazine publisher, scientist, diplomat, and politician. He took over the Pemmylva~ia Gazette in 1729 and made it a leader in the events leading to 1776. John Peter Zenpr - The immigrant printer who founded the New York Weekly Journal in 1733, became the printed voice of the Dutch opponents, of the British regime, stood trial in 1735 on charges of seditious libel, and won acquital in a fashioned that stopped the British from enforcing the concept of prior restraint upon publication through seditious libel conceDts. Zenger opened the pathway that Isaiah Thomas, Sam Adan~., and other Patriots were to follow to 1776. John Dickinson Author of 12 "'Letters from a Farmer in Pennsyl- vania to the Inhabitants of the British Colonies." first printed in the Pemas1va~a Chronicle in 1767-68, reprinted in 21 "of the other then-existing 25 colonial weeklies as soon as they appeared, then published in pamphlet form in eight colonial editions, two in London and one in Dublin. Dickinson, a moderate, argued persuasively for economic inde- pendence for the colonists, and won over many of the middle class moderates to the radical Patriot cause. He was not a journalist, but he used the newspaper to advance his ideas. Samuel Adams Key figure in Boston's independence movement, who wrote 30 years for the Gazette and other papers after his own early effort failed. Trained and law, he philosopher, keen opinion, tireless Revolution. He Sons of Liberh chapters throu sort of primitive spread news and their cause. His "Boston Massacre" the standard one, British. The Gazette for his ideas. Thomas Paine of the Revolutionary workman who came to Franklin's Magazines, and masterpiece, January 1776. 120.000 pamphlets virtually every had it read to him.~' fetch its price i~ Europe," Paine British trade sense he called principle of December 1776 he "Crises" series wit~ times that try Washington had his troops before the asked for 15 more. carried Paine's =d~ Benjamin PA~ Always coupled ar-~ young publishers ~ Gazette, called by.~r "'Trumpeters of sedi~ member of the Gazette fostered group led by Paul Revere, Otis. John Ada= Thomas Cushing, Boston Tea part? hatched in their publishers the engines of newspaper. William famed colonial made the strong voice of capital city. I-~ "'Tombstone way in which publishers paper. It was Paine's first a few days before the city to Isaiah Thom " established the 1770 under the printer quickly became and a leading journalism. A he founded the Society of of study of history of organized effort of American Dr. tJaiv ty d ,he curren history. 1975 president Education /=1 A GOES A mend excursior~ well as week to you Once the consulting et ads, yOO menus bar# your By can go time Storm white Storm white