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The Glenville Democrat
Glenville, West Virginia
December 30, 1976     The Glenville Democrat
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December 30, 1976

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10 The Glenville lmocrat/Patldindar December 30, 1976 The woods in winter: a time to explore IP/IOBiT LEO SMITH Dr. Smith, professor of wildlife management at West Virginia Uni- versity, is the author of a textbook used throughout the nation and in Canada, "Ecology and Field Biology." This column is made available through the cooperation of the Morgnntown Dominion-Post. t.t* Few people other than the late-season grouse and rabbit hunter take to the woods in wintertime. Even those who enjoy long hikes regard a walk in the woods as an activity of spring when the wildflowers come in bloom, of summer when hiking goes along with camping, or of fall when the woods are aglow with color and pungent with the odor of fallen leaves. Yet of all the seasons of the year none is more rewarding to the hiker than the winter. At this time of the year the woods are stripped down to the bare essentials. There is not the confusion NOW OPEN Tom's Gun & Bow Shop Buy, Sell, and Trade Gun repair and refmbb Located on Sand Fork Rd., 2 miles east of Glenvilb Phone 462.5267 FA3Fion Located Behind Towne Bookstore Directly Across from Post Office NOW OPEN! McHenry'sCustom Meat Shop Located on Sand Fork Road, 2 miles east of Glenville. Phone-462.5327 I I I I I I I i I I I I ! ! I ! I DANCE Featuring Block Mountoin 10 PM to 2 AM Dec. 31, 1976 Admission $5.00 per couple, $3.00 single Party favors included. Food served until 2 AM Now taking reservations. El Tore Club I I I between Burnsville & Glenville on Rt. 5 I In acorduce.with u action of Governor Arch A. Moore, Jr., approved by the West Virginia Board of Banking and Financial InsfltutioM, KANAWHA UNION BANK Will close at 12:00 noon on the afternoon of New Year's Eve, December 31, 1976. I II I 00ppmOM Specializing in Mouthwatering SEAFOODS. and TENDER STEAKS A Delicious SALAD BAR COCKTAILS made the way you like them! Paul Coger - Owner FREE glass of wine with your meal when you mention this Ad! 401 E. Third St. WESTON, W.V. off 79) Reservations Honored 269-9839 .... II of the headlong growth of spring, the over-whelming opulence of summer, the vibrant excitement of fall. There is too much to be seen, too much to be overlooked, hidden by leaves. In winter things are simpler. It is easier to become acquainted with the out of doors. Take the birds, for example. There is no better time thn winter to gain their acquaintance.ln spring there is such a variety of birds passing through the region and so much song that one finds it difficult to identify them, In summer they are silent for the most part, and in the fall the birds are passing through again, many of them in dull fall plumages that make identification difficult, even with the best of guides. In winter the beginning observer of birds has only to face about three dozen common species, many of them easily seen and identified. They can become not only visitors to feeders, but also your companions on winter hikes. The winter hiker will soon discover that he has picked up such companions as the black-capped chickadee, the tufted titmouse, winter wren, a couple of species of woodpeckers, some nuthatches, perhaps a kinglet or two. With an inexpensive set of binoculars and a good bird guide such as Paterson's aField Guide to Birds" or the Golden Press' "Birds of North America," both available in inexpen- sive paperback editions, the winter hiker is on his way to becoming acquainted with some of the woods' most enjoyable inhabitants. The summertime hiker suspects there are mammals in the forest, although he can't see any sign of them. After all, deer do live in the woods, as well as squirrels, and rabbits inhabit the edge. But in the winter the hiker knows they are there. They may not be any more visible but they have left their imprint on the snow. Tracks are the most familiar sign left behind by winter wildlife. Perhaps the most common tracks, especially in town and residential areas, are those of the rabbit. The rabbit leaves a roughly T-shaped track with two footprints side by side up front and two, one behind the other, in back. Suggestive of the rabbits are the tracks of squirrels. Again tl pattern is of the hind feet to the front, the front feet to the rear. But unlike the rabbit tracks, squirrel tracks are nearly square with both pairs of footprints nearly side by side. Other tracks are common. Trails of the whitefooted mouse with tiny footprints patterned with traces of a dragging tail pepper the snow. Similar is the trail of the shrew that has the habit of diving into the snow, traveling under the surface and emerging some distance away. And there is the dainty footprint of the fox whose trail is almost, but not always, in a straight line. Tracks tell more than who was there. They also tell what the animal was doing. They tattle and gossip about the animal, if you are patient and observant enough to read the signs. How many rabbits were around the shrubbery last night and what were they eating? A squirrel's trail disappears a short distance in front of a tree. A grouse trail starts from nowhere and ends in the brush, marks of wingtips striking the snow. Again the winter hiker has some assistance available to read the sign left in the snow. One is the excellent "A Field Guide to Animal Tracks" by Olaus Murie. It is one of the Peterson Field Guide series published by Houghton Mifflin Co. Another good book is. "Tracks and Trailcraft" by Ellsworth Jaeger, published by Macmillan Company. Winter. too. allows us to make some discoveries about the summer past. Now that the leaves have fallen, the nests of birds are exposed. At last you can learn where the catbird hid its nest so well that it defied discovery in the summer. You may also quickly discover that more robins than you suspected nested around the house and that the oriole did nest in the old shed. This is the season to find old nests to learn of their owners and to admire the ways in which birds build I Holly Park Windsor Norri# I Freedom I Double-Wide Horn their nests. There is a guide to bird nests: Richard Headstrom's "Bird Nests, a Field Guide," originally published by Ires Washburn, New York. I am not too sure whether that helpful little guide is in print any more or not, Even though the trees may be leafless, winter is the best season to become acquainted with them. One needs to have only the interest and perhaps a lens or magnifying glass to j!/: learn their identity. Each species of tree in the winter woods has its own distinctive twig with its own markings and its own kind of buds that more readily identify the tree or shrub than the leaves of summer. Leafless, the form of the tree and the pattern of the bark stand out distinctly, making the .i identity even easier. Again, the winter hiker has help. An excellent guide available from Dover Publications (or, easier, through the local bookstores) is "Fruit Key and Twig Key to Trees and Shrubs" by William M, Harlow, /::iii: Another excellent and more compre- hensive guide that covers both the coniferous as well as the deciduous trees and shrubs is the well illustrated "Woody Plants in Winter" by Dr. Earl Core and Nellie Ammons. Published by The Boxwood Press, Pittsburg, this guide should be instantly available in local bookstores. Woodland fungi, plants that obtain their energy from living and dead woody plants, add interest on winter hikes. Stumps and dead or dying trees support a variety of shelf fungi most of which have no common name. One, white butt rot, has a top that is marked with ridges indicating years of growth, and a porous undersurface that is white. When dried, this undersurface makes an interesting surface on which to paint designs. In spite of the season, the forest floor still has some green. For one, there is the Christmas fern with dark green fronds that are used in some Christmas decorations. Club mosses and ground pine may have their bright green tops sticking above the snow. Add to this wintergreen and the creeping partridgeberry with its deep green leaves accented by a whitish midvein and red berries. It gets its name from the fact that the red berries are a favorite food of the ruffed grouse or partridge. With animal trails and hundreds of winter tales to decipher, with old bird nests and plant galls with fungi : i  and evergreen an, wntia hardly ' i-i ?:'. winter landscape may seem, it still contains a lot of things to discover. -.'ST SERVICE MOVE AND SET UP OPEN 6 DAYS A WEEK SUNDAY 1-6 BELKNAP MOBILE HOMES. INC. Phone 364-5606 Rt. 4 lust off !-79 Take Gassaway-Sutton Exits Toward Gassaway Gassawa WV Opposile Braxton County Armory :/! Gilmer County schools lunch menus The following is the menu for Gilmer County schools for January. Monday, Jan. 3--Fish sandwich, potatoes, buttered corn, mixed fruit, and milk. Tuesday, Jan. 4--Brown beans, spinach, applesauce, orange juice, cornbread, almond cookie, and milk. Wednesday, Jan. 5--Bar-b-que, French fries, green beans, plums, milk. Thursday, Jan. 6--Chili, crackers, peanut butter sandwich, fruited Jello, milk. Friday, Jan. 7--Pizza, tossed salad pears, No-Bake cookie, milk. Pig- in-Blanket with meat sauce can be substituted for the regular meal any day this week. Monday, Jan. lO--Tomato soup, crackers, one bologna and cheese sandwich, peanut butter cookie, carrot sticks, milk. Tuesday, Jan. ll--Corn dogs, baked beans, apricots, slaw, chocolate cake, milk. Wednesday, Jan. 12--Fried chicken, mashed potatoes and gravy, green beans, apple, hot roll, milk. Thursday, Jan. 13--Beef stew, applesauce, tossed salad, orange juice, cornbread, milk. Friday, Jan. 14- Hamburger, potato salad, lime Jello with pears, prune cake, milk. Pizza burger can be substituted for any of the meals this week. Monday, Jan. 17--Pig-in-Blanket with meat sauce, buttered peas, confetti slaw, peaches, milk. Tuesday, Ja. 18--Roast beef, mashed potatoes and gravy, carrot and celery sticks, apple crisp, hot roll, milk. Wednesday, Jan. 19--Spaghetti with cheese and meat sauce, tossed salad, apricots, brownie, hot roll, milk. Thursday, Jan. 20--Pepperoni roll, French fries, cheese sticks, green beans, tangerine, peanut butter ball, milk. Friday, Jan. 21--Vegetable-beef soup, crac half meat salad sandwich, half peanut Byrd changes butter sandwich, pineapple slice, milk. A fish sandwich can be substituted for any meals this week. Monday, Jan. 24--Tuna roll, potato salad, green beans, apricots, orange juice, milk. Tuesday, Jan. 25--Beefaroni, buttered corn, pears, tossed salad, hot roll, milk. Wednes- day, Jan. 26--Hot dog with meat sauce. On the twelfth day of Christmas, some celebrants throw firecrackers. Others dive underwater to retrieve a golden crucifix. Twelfth Night, or Epiphany-- January 6--marks the end of the Christmas holiday season. It is celebrated with a variety of customs and ceremonies throughout the Christian world. In the Untied States, Christmas greens are burned on Epiphany, the National Geographic Society says. Swimmers Blessed An unusual Epiphany ritual is the blessing of the Greek sponge divers at Tarpon Springs, Florida. The bishop throws his gold crucifix into the water to,signify the baptism of Christ. Young men dive after the cross; whoever trievas it is specially blessed. Latin Americans consider Epip- hany both a solemn religious festival and the beginning of the pre-Lenten carnival season. Mexicans salute Twelfth Night with firecrackers, masked revelry, feasting and candlelight processions. In Christian tradition, whatever the form of observance, Epiphany, or "appearance," commemorates the three proofs of Christ's divinity which occured on that date: the visit of the Three Wise Men to the infant Jesus; His baptism: and the first miracle, changing water" to. wine for wedding guests at Cane. Even early Christians apparently celebrated Epiphany on the twelfth address If you're ever moved to write a letter to Senator Robert Byrd, you should know he has changed his office address. His old address was 133 Russell Building, Washington and his new address is 105Russell Building, Washington, D.C. 20510. French fries, plums, col butter cookie, milk.' 27--Meat loaf, mashed gravy, peas, fruited Jello, Friday, Jan. cheese sticks, green carrot sticks, cranberry roll, milk. Cheesburg t substituted this week. Twelfth night m end of yule day of Christmas. Duri Ages, The occasion staged in churches. observances largely the bawdy atmosphere England. Shakespeare's reflects the merry probably was first command performance Palace on January 6, Queen Elizabeth distinguished It Bracciano. A popular traditior Twelfth Night cake. A china figure was baked "cake of kings." prize was king for the king picked a qu everyone to drink Royal Garbage Fight Few, however, court fetes o France'S In 1521, the about a nearby where a courtier king. King Francis challenge his royal court followers Revelers inside by throwing "a snowballs, eggs, melee, a burning log window hit the king Francis rfused to because he the hijinks. grew a beard to popularizin$ i i \/