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December 31, 2015     The Glenville Democrat
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December 31, 2015
 

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The Glenville Pathfinder- Glenville, WV 26351 The Glenville Democrat- Thursday, December 31, 2015- Page 13 In Australia, Christmas comes in the towards the begin- ning of the summer holidays! Children have their summer holidays from mid December to early February, so some On Christmas Eve, children, especially boys, often go out singing 'kalanda' (carols) in the streets:They play drums and triangles as they sing. Sometimes the will also carry model people might even be camping at Christmas.boats decorated with nuts which are painted gold. Carrying Australians hang wreaths on their front doors and some- a boat iS a very old custom in the Greek Islands. times go out Christmas carol sin,qno on :Chfistmas . eve. Christmas Trees are p pular in Greece. But an older and People also decorate their houses and gardens with Christ- more traditional decoration is a shallow wooden bowl with mas Trees and Chfigmaas lights, a piece Of wire is suspended across the rim. A sprig of basil When he gets to Australia, Santa gives the reindeer a rest wrapped around a wooden cross hangs from the wire. Some and uses kangaroos or 'six white boomers' (a popular water is kept in the bowl to keep the basil alive and fresh. Australian Christmas song!). He also changes his clothes for Once a day someone, usually the mother of the family, dips less 'hot' ones! the cross and basil into some holy water and uses it to On Christmas Day the people who live in theomback send sprii le water in each room of the house. Christmas greetings to each other over the radio network. This is believed to keep the 'Killantzaroi' (bad spirits) Most families try to be home together for Christmas and away. The Killantzaroi are meant to appear only during the the main meal is normally eaten at lunch time:Most people 12-day period from Christmas to Epiphany (January 6th). now have a cold Christmas dinner, or a barbecue with Theyare supposed to come from the middle of the earth and seafood such as prawns and lobsters along with the 'tradi- getintopeople'shousethroughthechimney!TheKillantzaroi tional english" foo& On Christmas Eve, fish-markets are do things like putting 0ut fires emd making milk go off. often full'of .... peopi udu]ng tobuy thdir fres seafo ............... for Hav ng a fire burning,_ through .... the twelve da s of Christmas Christmas day. is atso meant to keep the KiUantzaroi away. The main Christmas meal is often Lamb or pork, roasted in an oven or over an open spit. It's often served with a ;n .... spinach and cheese pie and various salads and vegetables. ...... : ...... Other Christmas and ear foods include 'Baklava' (a Around Christmas time in Sweden; one of the biggest sw eipastrymadeoffiiopastryfilledwithchoppednutsand celebrations is St. LuCia's Day (or St, Lucy's Day) on sweetenedwithsyruporhoney);Kataifi (a pastry made from December 13th. The celebration comes from stories that a speeiai form of shredded filo dough and flavored with nuts were told by Monks who first brought Christianity to Swe- and cinnamon), Theeples (a kind of fried pastry). The den ........ pastries either eaten for breakfast or as starters:i Another St. Lucia's Day is now celebrated by a girl dressing in a popular Christmas desse(taremelomakarono,egg or oblong white dress with a red sash round her waist and a crown of candles on her head. Small children use electric candles but from about 12 years old, real candles are used! A national Lucia is also chosen. Lucias also visit hospitals and old people's homes singing a song about St Lucia and handing out "Pepparkakor', ginger snap biscuits. Small children sometimes like dressing up as Lucia (with the help of their parents!). Also boys might dress up as 'Stj ngossar (star boys) and girls nfight be 't irnor' (like Lucia but without the candles). A popular food eaten at St. Lucia's day are 'Lussekatts'. St Lucia's day buns flavoured with saffron and dotted with raisins which are eaten for breakfast. Christmas Eve is also very important in Sweden. This is This is often a "julbord" which is a buffet, eaten at lunch- time. Cold fish is important on the julbord. There is often hen'ing (served in many different ways), gravlax (salmon which has been cured in sugar, salt and dill) and smoked shaped N euit/eakes inade from flour, olive oil, and honey and rolled in chopped walnutS: In Greece, presents are often brought to children by Aghios Vassilis (Saint Basil) on the 1 st January. salmon. Other dishes on the julbord might include cold meats including turkey, roast beef and 'julskinka' (a Christmas ham): cheeses, liver pate, salads, pickles and different types of bread and butter (or mayonnaise). There will also be warm savoury foods including meatballs. 'prinskorv' (sausagesk 'koldomar' {meat stuffed cabbage rolls), jellied pigs' feet, lutfisk dried cod served with a thick white sauce) and "revbenspj ill' oven-roasted pork ribs). Vegetables such as potatoes and red cabbage will also be served. Another potato dish is 'Janssons Frestelse' (matchstick potatoes layered with cream, onion and anchovies that is baked to a golden brown ). There's also 'dopp i grytan" which is bread that dipped in the broth and juices that are left over after boiling the ham. The desert of the julbord might be a selection of sweet pastries, some more pepparkakor biscuits and some home made sweets! In Ireland, people celebrate Christmas in much the same way as people in the UK and the USA, but they also have many of their own Chrismaas traditions and customs. There is an old tradition that in some Irish houses (al- though now not many), people put a tall, thick candle on the sill of the largest window after sunset on Christmas Eve. The candle is left to burn all night and represents a welcoming light for Mary and Joseph. In Irish (,or Gaelic) Christmas is 'Nollai8'. Santa Claus is ka own as "San Nioclfis" I Saint Nicholas) or'Daid/na Nollag" Father Christmas) and Happy/Merry Christmas is 'Nollaig Shona Dhuit'. Happy/Merry Christmas in lots more lan- guages. Children hope that Santa will visit on Christmas Eve and leave presents for them. The Feast of the Epiphany (January 6th) was also cel- ebrated in some towns in Ireland as 'Nollaig na mBean' or Women's Christmas. Traditionally the women got the day off and the men do the housework and cooking The women met in each other's homes to sew and chat. Although it's mostly died out. some women still like to get together on the Sunday nearest Epiphany, to have tea and cakes, to gossip and to enjoy each other's company! Traditional. historic. Christmas food in Ireland include a round cake. full of caraway seeds. One is traditionally made for each person in the house. Now it's more common to have a Christmas Cake like those in the UK. a rich fruit cake covered with ma ipan and decorated with icing. And an addition to turkey for Christmas dinner, some- times spiced beef (spiced over several days, cooked, and then pressed) is eaten. This can be served hot or cold. Dessert is commonly a Christmas Pudding. Christmas Eve is the time when presents are exchanged. The girls are sometimes brought by Santa Claus (called 'Julenissen' in Norway). Presents are also brought by the small gnomes called 'Nisse'. There are also hobgoblins (Nisse) decorations. Children pick up the presents from under the Christmas Tree and read the cards on the presents out loud. As in Finland, a sheaf of wheat is often left out for the bi rds to eat over Christmas. Also a type of rice porridge is sometimes left for the 'Nisse' who is believed to guard the farm animals. Another tradition in parts of Norway is that families light a candle every night from Christmas Eve to New Year's Day. Many different types of cakes and biscuits are eaten over the Christmas period in Norway. One of the most popular is a special bread called 'Julekake' that has raisins, candied peel and cardamom in it. Rice Porridge is eaten on Christmas Eve either as a meal at lunchtime (served with butter, sugar and cinnamon) or as a dessert to the main evening email (with whipped cream mixed in!.). If you find an almond in your portion you're traditionally given a pink or white marzipan pig. The main meal is normally pork or mutton fibs served with 'surkal' (white or red cabbage, finely chopped and cooked with caraway seeds and vinegar) and potatoes. ili "nes People in the Philippines like to celebrate Christmas for as long as possible! The playing of Christmas carols in shops can start in September! The formal Christmas celebrations start on 16th December when many people go the first of nine pre-dawn or early morning masses. The last mass is on Christmas day. The Christmas celebrations continue to the First Sunday in January when Epiphany or the Feast of the Three Kings is celebrated. Christmas customs in the Philippines are a mixture of western (USA and UK) and native Filipino traditions. So people in the Philippines have SantaClaus (or 'Santa Klaus'), Christmas trees. Christmas cards and Christmas carols from western countries! They also have their own Christmas traditions such as the 'parol' which is a bamboo pole or frame with a lighted star lantern on it. It's traditionally made from bamboo strips and colored Jgpa:.nese aper or cellop paper and repre entts In China. only about one percent of people are Christians. so most people only know a few things about Christmas. Because of this. Christmas is only often celebrated in major cities. In these big cities there are Christmas Trees. lights and other decorations on the streets and in department stores. Santa Claus is called 'Shen Dan Lao Ren' and has grottos in sho'0,(Td e in EU?b"N /rid America. the star that guided the Wise Men, It is the most popular Only a few people have a Christmas Tree (or celebrate Christmas decoration in the Philippines. Christmas at all!l. If people do have a tree it is normally a Most households would have several dishes laid out and plastic one mid might be decorated with paper chains, paper would normally include: lechon {roasted pig), ham, fruit flowers, and paper lanterns (they might also call it a tree of salad,rice cakes (bibingka and puto bumbong are traditional light). The Christmas Trees that most people would see Christmas foods) and other sweets, steamed rice. and many would be in shopping malls! A tradition that's becoming popular, on Christmas Eve. is giving apples. Many stores have apples wrapped up in colored paper for sale. "~ " O'" . . Some people go Carol smong, although not many people understand them or know about the Christmas Story. Jingle Bells is a popular Carol in China! Madagascar is an Island off the east coast of Africa. so it is very warm at Christmas time! Even though it's hot, common decorations include holly, robins and snow even though none of them exist in Madagascar! The official language of Madagascar is Malagasy. 'Merry Christmas and a Happy New Year' in Malagasy is 'Mirary Krismasy sambatra sy Taona vaovao tonga lafau'a ho anao'. Happy/Men3, Christmas in lots more languages. Most Malagasys only exchange small presents. In Mada-" gascar. Santa Claus is called 'Dadabe Noely'. Malagasy families like to eat Christmas dinner together in large groups and dress up in the best (or new) clothes. The meal is normally Chicken or Pork with rice followed by a special cake. Some rich people go to restaurants for Christ- mas dinner, but most people stay at home with their families. A special Christmas food in Madagascar are fresh lychees. which are bought from shops and street sellers, fresh from T the trees. The streets get cox ered in lychee skins! Poinsettias also grow as large outdoor shrubs in Madagas- car and don't just flower at Christmas! They are also the national emblem of Madagascar. In Egypt about 15% of people are Christians. They are the only part of the population who really celebrate Christmas as a religious festival. Christmas Day isn't celebrated on the 25th December but on 7th January (like in Ethiopia and by some Orthodox Christians in Russia and Serbia). When the Christmas service ends people go home to eat the big Christmas meal. All the foods contain meat. eggs and butter - all.the yummy things they didn't during the Advent fast! One popular course if Fata' a lamb soup which con- tains bread, rice, garlic and boiled lamb meat. In Egypt, Santa is called Baba No l (meaning Father Christmas). Children hope that he will climb through a window and will leave some presents! They might leave some kahk out for Baba Noel. different types of drinks. In France, a Nativity crib is often used to help decorate the house. As well as having the normal Nativity figures in them, French scenes also have figures such as a Butcher, a Baker, a Policeman and a Priest. Yule Logs made out of Cherry Wood are often burned in French homes. The log is carried into the home on Christmas Eve and is sprinkled with red wine to make the log smell nice when it is burning. In France, Father Christmas / Santa Claus / St. Nicholas is called Pbre NoEl (Father Christmas). in eastern France he is accompanied by Le Pere Fouettard. a man dressed in black. He might be the same person asZwarte Piet in The Nether- lands. The main Christmas meal, called Rdveillon. is eaten on Christmas Eve/early Christmas morning after people have returned from the midnight Church Service. Dishes might include roast turkey with chestnuts or roast goose, oysters, foie gras. lobster, venison and cheeses. For dessert, a choco- late sponge cake log called a boche de No l is normally eaten. Christmas firework in Venezuela shows are very popular. Some homes will have a Christmas Tree, but they're nornaally artificial ones as pine and fir trees aren't common in Venezuela. In Caracas, the capital of Venezuela, there's a tradition of people rollerskating to the early morning church services from 16th to 24th December. The roads are often closed to traffic bv 8:00 am to make it safe for people to skate! Traditional Venezuelan Christmas foods include 'Hallacas" - a mixture of beef, pork, chicken, capers, raisins, and olives that is wrapped in maize and plantain leaves and tied up with string into a parcel and then boiled or steamed afterwards; the Pan de Jam6n - a type of bread that's made with puff pastry, filled up with ham, raisins, olives and bacon and shaped like a 'swiss roll'! Main presents are given at midnight on Christmas Eve.. In Venezuela presents are brought by 'San Nicol is' (St. Nicho- las) & Nifio Jesds' (Baby Jesus). It was also a tradition for people to paint their houses two to four weeks beIbre Chrislmas, so it was all nice and smart and ready to be decorated for Christmas. Many people have new clothes tbr Christmas and New Year's Eve. Many people believe that if you wear yellow on New Year's Eve you will have. .good luck nex!year.